Enabling Objectives
  1. Describe the position, form, blood supply, histological structure and functions of the spleen.
  2. Outline the use of ultrasonography in abdominal injury.
  3. Describe the structures divided by an emergency midline abdominal incision, and discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this incision.
  4. Describe the arrangement of parietal and visceral peritoneum and the peritoneal cavity.
  5. Describe the peritoneal connexions of the spleen, and discuss the spread of blood from an injured spleen.
  6. Describe the innervation of the peritoneum and discuss peritoneal irritation.